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Are you sure the questionnaires that you use are asking the right questions? 

In research terms, validity refers to the ability of a question or set of questions to accurately represent a broader idea or construct. For example, if you want to know if your clients are satisfied with your services, you might ask them a series of questions, like this: 1) On a scale of 1-10, how satisfied were you with the help you received today? 2) Would you recommend our services to a friend? 3) How helpful was the employee who worked with you? While it is possible for all 3 questions to represent satisfaction with services, but they may represent something else, like employee likeability. In order to be confident that you are asking the right questions, it is important to construct an inventory that truly represents the ideas or constructs that you are most interested in measuring. This involves careful preparation of inventory questions and statistical verification of core constructs. 

Need to analyze some data, but you don't know where to start?

I like to say that statistics are the language of data. Sometimes, we have to figure out what we'd like to know before the data can tell us what it knows. There are a variety of statistical techniques that can be utilized when trying to find out what your data has to tell you. Sometimes, it's pretty simple, like calculating arithmetic averages, called means. Other times, you just want to compare groups, as is often the case with simple before-and-after scenarios. Things get a lot more challenging when you would like to know a bit more, like how certain characteristics are related to one another. Or, perhaps, how outcomes can be predicted by other factors. These more challenging cases often require the use of multivariate statistics, which are much more complex and sensitive than computing simple averages. 

Do you want an objective assessment of your workplace or employees?

Perhaps you'd like to know what your workplace culture is like. Or, maybe you'd like some feedback regarding your leadership style and you need an objective researcher to collect the data in an anonymous fashion. An objective researcher can tailor questionnaires to fit your specific needs and collect and analyze the data in a manner that protects the identity of respondents. 

Would you like to hear what the recent scientific literature says about a specific psychological topic?  

The scientific research journals contain the most recent information on a host of topics, including those related to psychology. However, researchers often use unique scientific jargon and complex statistical measures that can be difficult for people without training in research design and statistics to fully understand. Dr. MacIntire's extensive training (a Master's of Science and a PhD) and over 2 decades of experience reading the scientific literature are used to analyze and summarize the scientific literature. A summary, report, or presentation on the recent research can be compiled on any topic related to psychology, including (but not limited to) mental health conditions and treatment, vicarious trauma and post-traumatic growth human performance in work settings, leadership, sport psychology, child and adolescent development, personality, behavior modification, and many other topics. 

Have you or a loved one been diagnosed with a mental health condition that you'd like to understand more about?

Sometimes, just being able to put a name to the experience of serious mental health symptoms can be helpful. Other times, you need to know more. Some common questions may include: How do mental health conditions change as a person ages? Are there any treatment options besides medication? How do the treatment options compare? Have any co-occurring conditions been identified in research studies of people with the same mental health condition? If you have questions like these, a summary of the scientific literature may help you gain a better understanding. 

Researching and Writing
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